Pinara Ancient City

Updated: 15.04.2023 14:00:00
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Pinara Ancient City is a fascinating historical site located in Turkey's southwestern Muğla province. This hidden gem offers a unique glimpse into the ancient Lycian civilization and is the perfect destination for history enthusiasts and travelers seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience. In this article, we will explore the location, history, and activities available in Pinara Ancient City, as well as provide information on entrance fees and how to reach this remarkable site. Whether you're staying in one of the nearby Muğla holiday villas or exploring the broader region, Pinara Ancient City is a must-visit destination on your holiday to Turkey.

Where is Pinara Ancient City?

Pinara Ancient City is situated in the Fethiye district of Muğla province, approximately 45 kilometers southeast of Fethiye and 4 kilometers from the village of Minare. Nestled among the picturesque Taurus Mountains, the site boasts stunning natural scenery, with lush forests and rugged cliffs surrounding the ancient ruins.

How to Get to Pinara Ancient City?

To reach Pinara Ancient City, you can rent a car or take a taxi from Fethiye or any nearby town. There are no direct public transportation options to the site, so it's best to arrange private transportation for a more convenient and flexible journey. The drive from Fethiye to Pinara takes approximately 1 hour, passing through charming villages and offering breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

History of Pinara Ancient City:

Pinara was one of the six principal cities of Lycia, an ancient federation of city-states that existed between the 15th and 6th centuries BCE. The city was founded around the 5th century BCE and was a significant center of religion, politics, and commerce. Its name, derived from the Lycian word "pinale," means "round," likely referring to the city's distinctive circular layout.

The ancient city prospered under both Lycian and Roman rule, with numerous temples, tombs, and monuments constructed during this time. However, after a series of earthquakes and invasions in the 8th and 9th centuries CE, Pinara was abandoned, and its ruins were gradually reclaimed by nature.

What to Do in Pinara Ancient City?

Exploring Pinara Ancient City offers a unique opportunity to delve into the history and culture of the ancient Lycian civilization. Visitors can wander through the extensive ruins, discovering remnants of temples, bathhouses, theaters, and other structures. Some of the key attractions in Pinara include:

  1. The Rock Tombs: Pinara is home to numerous Lycian rock tombs, carved directly into the cliff faces. These tombs date back to the 4th century BCE and feature elaborate façades and inscriptions.
  2. The Temple of Apollo: This well-preserved temple, dedicated to the Greek god Apollo, boasts intricately carved columns and a pediment featuring a frieze of mythological figures.
  3. The Roman Theater: The remains of a Roman theater can be found in Pinara, offering a glimpse into the city's entertainment and social life during the Roman period.
  4. The Odeon and Bouleuterion: These two adjacent structures were used for public gatherings, meetings, and performances, highlighting the city's political and cultural significance.
  5. The Acropolis: The highest point of the city offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside, as well as the ruins of a fortress and several temples.

Is There an Entrance Fee to Pinara Ancient City?

There is a nominal entrance fee to visit Pinara Ancient City, which helps support the preservation and maintenance of the site. As of the last update, the entrance fee is 20 Turkish Lira (approximately 2USD). However, prices may change, so it's always a good idea to check the latest information before your visit.

Pinara Ancient City is a captivating historical site that offers a unique and off-the-beaten-path experience for travelers visiting Turkey's southwestern region. Its rich history, stunning natural scenery, and well-preserved ruins make it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and those seeking a deeper understanding of ancient Lycian culture.

When planning your holiday to Turkey, be sure to include a visit to Pinara Ancient City on your itinerary. Whether you're staying in a nearby Muğla holiday villa or exploring the broader region, a trip to this ancient city will leave you with lasting memories and a newfound appreciation for the rich history and culture of Turkey. Don't miss the opportunity to immerse yourself in the fascinating world of the ancient Lycians and discover the secrets of Pinara Ancient City for yourself.